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Allergic Reaction

allergies woman blowing noseWhat is an Allergic Reaction?

Allergic reactions are caused by the body’s immune system response to infections by producing antibodies. Several factors may be the source of and allergic reaction such as allergies to food, chemicals, substance in the air (pollen, dust mites or dander), medicine, or bee stings, and cases may range from mild or severe. Minor reactions can produce a rash, itchiness of the skin or eyes, runny nose, nauseousness, diarrhea, and difficulty breathing. Symptoms of anaphylaxis, or a severe allergic reaction often include:

  • hives (urticaria) or raised bumps
  • rash or reddened, itchy skin
  • inflammation (swelling) of the throat, lips, tongue, mouth, eyes or face
  • trouble breathing and hoarseness

Allergic reactions may also be related to sleep apnea (trouble breathing properly during sleep), asthma, infection of the ear, and inflamed sinuses.

How is an Allergic Reaction Treated?

Allergic reactions may typically be treated at home; however, serious cases require immediate medical attention. Most allergies may be treated using antihistamines or hydrocortizone and ice to reduce itching and skin irritation. Patients who are undergoing an anaphylactic reaction should call their doctor immediately for urgent care which may be given an IV transfusion and specific medications.

Some patients may be prescribed an Epi-Pen (epinephrine auto-injection) to prevent the threats of a serious allergic reaction.