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nervousness and anxietyWhat is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a psychological condition in which one may feel worried or uneasy about a situation. Anxiety is often known as nervousness, and can range from mild to severe cases. Many times the reason for feeling anxious is unknown, and can result in further feelings of agitation. Extreme cases of anxiety can be life-changing and troublesome. Anxiety usually causes symptoms of trembling, tense muscles, upset stomach, an abnormal heart rate, and a feeling of numbness.

Anxiety is most typically caused by stress but may also be triggered by other situations, including “negative self-talk” in which one constantly expects the worst. Some specific health problems which can cause anxiousness include emphysema (a breathing disorder) or blood clotting of the lung, which reduces levels of oxygen and can increase feelings of nervousness.  Medications may even be the source of some anxiety conditions. These drugs include, but are not limited to, medicines for breathing disorders or blood pressure, hormonal contraceptives, amphetamines, antidepressants, corticosteroids (steroids), and thyroid disorder treatments. Household products, such as medicines containing caffeine, allergy remedies, and decongestants, as well as illegal substances may also provoke anxiety.

How is Anxiety Treated?

Anxiety can be treated through several techniques, the most common method involving breathing techniques and meditation, which can allow your body to relax and reduce muscle tension. Minor occurrences of anxiety can be avoided by simply staying away from the situations that cause these nervous feelings. More serious cases are typically treated with counseling or prescription benzodiazepine medicines, such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI’s), monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, beta-blockers, and tricyclics. These medicines work by balancing chemicals in the brain and stabilizing activity to produce a feeling of calmness.