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Passing Out

What is Passing Out?passed out man on ground

Passing out or syncope is a condition in which one loses consciousness for a brief period of time. This is caused by a lack of oxygen and blood flow to the brain necessary for the body to function properly. Symptoms that may be experienced before passing out include dizziness, lightheadedness, feeling clammy, fatigue, changes in hearing, weakness, and nausea.

Syncope may be induced by medicines for lowering blood pressure, decongestants, drugs for anxiety and antihistamines. More causes of fainting include:

  • heart disorders such as arrhythmia (irregular heart beats), angina (chest pain), and heart murmur, coronary artery diseases, abnormally fast or slow heart rates, narrowing of heart valves, heart failure
  • head trauma or serious injuries
  • seizures (convulsions) or epilepsy
  • problems with he inner ear
  • diabetes
  • Addison’s disease (adrenal deficiency)
  • Parkinson’s disease (central nervous system disorder)
  • allergies, colds, infections or other illnesses
  • serious blood loss or anemia
  • stress and anxiety
  • standing up too fast, not eating enough,
  • drinking excessive amounts of alcohol
  • using particular medicines, especially sedatives

How is Passing Out Treated?

Passing out is a dangerous issue and can result in serious injury or trauma. Passing out can be prevented by avoiding alcohol, standing up slower, reducing stress, keeping hydrated and increasing salt consumption. Persons who pass out frequently should seek medical attention and treat the underlying condition causing their fainting. Some patients may require blood transfusions, medicines for arrhythmia, or drugs to increase blood pressure.